APA Style


Just found out about APA Style – a format for academic documents such as research papers, journal articles, books, and so on.

For one of our assignments has to be written in that style. Found a Great tutorial here.

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Brazilian Education – Reading Notes – Week 3




Martin Carnoy – Stanford University
Emma García – Economic Policy Institute
Tatiana Khavenson – National Research University Higher School of Economics

September 14, 2015



note: the crossed heart is not part of the notes :)

Qualitative Research – Readings Week 3



  • Geertz, C. (1973). “Thick Description, “The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books. pp.3-30.
  • Taylor, S., & Bogdan, R. (1998). “Participant Observation, In the Field,” Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods. (Third Edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 45-53, 61-71.



Party on the Edge


Last night we went to a party (9-12pm) at the Stanford’s Canto Art Center – music, performances, food – bike valet service – all free for students. The most impressive though, is the museum itself and its collection. Apparently it’s the largest Rodin collection outside of Paris – 200 original pieces including The Thinker and The Gates of Hell.

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Intro.Qual.Res.Meth. – class notes


So after all the reading and note taking, I arrive at class and realize that one of the pieces I read was actually for next week!! And the two discussed in class I did not read!! So frustrating. Well – the discussion was broad enough and my group filled in the blanks for me : /

The project idea is coming into focus: James, Ana and I are thinking about doing:

Topos: EdTech adoption
Site: Classroom
Age: Teenagers

Class Notes:

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Tech 4 Learners – Reading, Notes & Response



Wiggin & McTighe’s (1998) Understanding by Design Chapter 1




  • What are the big ideas in this chapter?

The big ideas in this chapter are that you need clear and measurable learning objectives in order to create an effective curriculum. You should start off knowing how you are going to identify the desired outcomes and measure them not only at the end, but during the entire process. Once you know the desired outcomes and how to measure them, you can finally decide how you will deliver and engage the learners in your experience effectively.

  • How do the authors challenge readers to think in new ways about designing for learning?

The challenge the author poses for me in particular lies in thinking as an assessor when designing a course. It does not feel natural to share something I am enthusiastic about in a manner that I must test the knowledge transference as part of my delivery strategy. The natural impulse is to get to the most interesting part of the topic as quickly as possible, laying down only the essential pieces before hand. The risk is loosing those who are not understanding along the way.

To think about how we are going to measure the outcomes of our topic as the leading part of the design process seems counter intuitive to me yet makes complete sense as a strategy.

  • How would this approach change the way designers design learning technologies?

This approach would change completely the way designers design learning technologies in the sense that the cadence of content delivery would have to change. Instead of delivering content through direct-teaching and then testing, the content would have to be reordered to accommodate for continuous evaluation and eventual backtracking to reinforce needed content. The evaluations themselves would not need to be all encompassing final tests but more straight forward check-points along the way. The tools themselves would be adapted to best measure for the desired learning objectives.

For some reason I see this approach much more related to designing a game. My father is always amazed when he sees someone playing a new game on their smartphone. “How do you know what you have to do in those games? How did you learn!?” It just happens right? No. The game designers have to very carefully present information in a way that the gamer/learner will be able to perform the task of playing the game effectively, performing well and with clear and measurable objectives.

How could we incorporate game design practices into education?

In class activity: 

Draw what Technocentrism means to you


Tech4Learners page #0

Intro to Qual. Research Methods – Reading from 2pm to 10pm… 6am to 10am


So this was the reading for this week on the topic “The Nature of Qualitative Research

  1. Merriam, S. (2002). Introduction to Qualitative Research”. In S. Merriam & Associates (Eds.) Qualitative Research in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. pp. 3-17.
  2. Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook.” (Second Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. pp. 1-12.
  3. Spindler, G. & Spindler, L. (1987). Teaching and Learning How to Do the Ethnography of Education.” In G. Spindler & L. Spindler (Eds.) Interpretive Ethnography of Education at Home and Abroad. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 17-22.
  4. Creswell, J. (2003). “A Framework for Design,” Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches” (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. pp. 3 -24.
  5. Becker, H. (1996). “The Epistemology of Qualitative Research”. In R, Jessor, A.
  6. Colby, & R. Shweder (Eds.) “Ethnography and Human Development.” Chicago: University of Chicago. pp. 53-71. 

And here are my notes:

Qual Research week 2 reading 1 Qual Research week 2 reading 2 Qual Research week 2 reading 3 Qual Research week 2 reading 4

qual research


Understanding Learning Environments – Reading Notes & Comment


We were supposed get a quote from the reading which we found interesting, explain and post it for discussion online. Here’s mine:

“Programmed instruction, with or without machines, was quickly adopted by industry, but the education establishment was not impressed. It was as if the automobile industry had been shown how to build cars in half the time at the cost and had said, “No.” There were reasons for this, of course. The machines were crude, the programs were untested, and there were no ready standards of comparison. Teaching machines would have cost money that was not budgeted. Teachers misunderstood the role of the machines and were fearful of losing their jobs. Nor did a consensus in favor of adopting these machines exist among administrators, school boards, and parents.” (B.F. Skinner, Programmed Instruction Revisited)

It was fascinating to see that the fears and worries of those receiving educational technologies have remained the same for the past 30 years; the fear that the teachers would be substituted and that third parties try to tell schools how to do their job. Why hasn’t this fear been addressed. How come the educational technology industry has not worked towards reducing that impression?

I believe that a previous step is necessary to tackle the issue is to show the teachers and institutions how EdTech is here to aid teachers in process, not to substitute it. The statement at the end of the reading is very unfortunate saying that it is a teaching machine instead of a teaching-aid, since it implies that the machine really does it all and discards the teachers. Teaching-aid feels like a much more appropriate definition and use the “teaching-machine”.

Finally, to claim that the machine teaches is a stretch. It seems to be able to test users about some previously knowledge but not introduce new knowledge.”


The readings:

  • “Association of Ideas”, John Locke
  • “Walden Two”, B.F. Skinner, 1948
  • “Programmed Instruction Revisited”, B.F. Skinner, 1986
  • “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it.”, John B. Watson (1913)


Notes on the readings:

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Tech for Learners – Week 2


Another great class – talked about teachers as designers, assessment, learning styles and the approach towards creating effective learning experiences.

  • User Interface Designers (UI)
  • User Experience Designers (UX)
  • Learning Experience Designers (LX)



Intro to Teaching – Week 2


Could not expect less that a well planned out classroom experience… well organized, open for sharing, high expectations, engaging exchanges and interesting topic – thought provoking.

Tons of reading but so rich… new terms / better definitions

Class Notes:



Topics in Brazilian Education – Week 2


Day started out early with this class discussing the educational assessment history and issues in Brazil. The reading of “Três gerações de avaliação da educação básica no Brasil: interfaces com o currículo da/na escola” by Alicia Bonamino (2012) was quite interesting and helped understand a little more about the Brazilian history. Good debates but lacked a little structure…


Monday – no classes – but TONS of reading!


Dropped HCI this semester to maintain some level of sanity this quarter – it was going to be a lot of work and not so new to me – definitely want to take it next quarter.

For now, lots and lots of reading to learn about the basic theories, methodologies, best-practices and so on of Education.



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Apple II e


I just realized how much this computer affected me and my career… I was fascinated by Logo… the Turtle you could program to draw on the screen… I was around 10 years old – my first glance at programming I guess… or making “art” with tech.




Amazing tool that we are using here to communicate and share content amongst the cohort. Create channels based on topics, message people directly, upload photos and so on…