We had a very controversial and heated discussion in class today. The presentation was lead by Professor Grün: “Professor Roberto Grün is the author of 4 books and 50 articles on immigration, economic and financial sociology. Professor Grün teaches Organizational Behavior and Sociology in the Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil, where he leads the “Center for Economic and Financial Sociology (NESEFI)”. He is currently the Joaquim Nabuco Chair in Brazilian Studies at Stanford’s Center for Latin American Studies.” He believes that scandals, regardless of guilt, happen when stakeholders, the opposition, the media, and the public opinion are in synchronicity and start … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 9 – Class Notes” →
David Planck economist to politics Anisio Teixeira – his hero Published his book in 1992 education boils down to two unattainable goals: more and better Bob Verhine 1995 started big changes FUNDEF was a great move by the Ministry of Education It was a move to redistribute the resources more fairly between State and Municipalities FUNDEB now puts them on the same side Teacher salaries are now part of the law with a minimum set Q&A Bolsa Familia made a big impact in education by tying school attendance to receiving this benefit What happens outside of school is as important … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 7 – Class Notes” →
Today we talked about how education is financed in Brazil and the National Education Plan lead by Bob Verhine (Universidade Federal da Bahia). Basically Brazil spends quite a bit in education in absolute terms but per-student spending is ridiculously low. The plan has 20 goals which are for the most part unatainable, vague, and/or non-descriptive. The focus seems to be to please all sides, be neutral, and avoid controversy. Many policies and laws established in our Constitution for example, have never been put into practice… Here are some points about the challenges to increase expenditures in brazilian education.
Carvalho, C., 2013, DILEMAS DO FINANCIAMENTO E A META 20 DO PLANO NACIONAL DE EDUCAÇÃO. Artigo analisando as leis relacionadas ao financiamento público da educação – Projeto de Lei do Plano de Educação (PNE) Altíssimo desequilíbrio entre recursos para ensino superior vs ensino básico e fundamental Composição complicadíssima em termos de regras de repasses Gastos com educação em geral são baixos com relação ao OCDE Gastos por aluno são MUITO mais baixos com relação ao OCDE Menezes, N., 2014, O Plano Nacional de Educação Publicado, Valor Econômico “PNE foi concebido pelos movimentos corporativistas para conseguir transferir mais recursos da sociedade … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 6 – Reading Notes” →
We had the honor to have one of the authors from – “Educational Performance of the Poor: Lessons from Rural Northeast Brazil” by Harbison and Hanushek (1992) and David Plank who wrote a review about the book. The book covers the socioeconomic context of the Northeast at the time (1981-1987), and the challenges faced in the implementation and evaluation of the EDURURAL Project. Very interesting discussion. Main take-aways: They were unable to find a relation between student performance and the teacher’s educational level or years of experience – the conclusion is that, at least quantitatively, it is impossible to pinpoint what … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 4 – Class Notes” →
Todays class was lead by Eduardo Zancul, POLI: “Engineering Education in Brazil: current issues and initiatives” by – USP Internal talk about pedagogy and quality of learning that does not happen Very low incentives for teachers to change their practice Some teachers actually think that flunking half of their class is good teaching Stanford – Electrical Engineering online course – one of the oldest running programs
Brazilian Education This week’s readings were about Engineering education in Brazil. Main take-aways: Poor STEM education in high-schools Curriculum is too theoretical and lacks ‘soft-skills’ training Job market complains about the quality of graduating engineers Need more interaction between academia and industry Dropout rates and enrolment rates are terrible when comparing to BRICS and OECD countries CNI, 2014, Recursos humanos para inovação: engenheiros e tecnólogos. Few patents, expensive process Engineering education is outdated Barriers in collaboration between universities, research centers and the market Low tradition in multi-disciplinary research Research financing does not demand financial or concrete results PhDs are all … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 3 – Reading Notes” →
Great discussion today about ProFIS – an inclusive liberal education program (2 years) that help students get into UNICAMP led by Prof. Marcelo Knobel. Prof. Thomas Ehrlich also talked a little about how liberal education is essential to be integrated into business, nursing, and engineering courses.
Pedrosa, R. H., Simões, T. P., Carneiro, A. M., Andrade, C. Y., Sampaio, H., & Knobel, M. (2014). Access to higher education in Brazil. Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning, 16(1), 5-33. Chicago Article about access and equity in Higher Education in Brazil in the last 20 years. Secondary education is the bottleneck in Brazil “Research shows that affirmative action policies have had a positive impact on reducing inequalities in HE in Brazil, but secondary education is still the main bottleneck for further progress, both in terms of expanding higher education and of making access more equitable.”, Pedrosa, Simões, Carneiro, Andrade, … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 2 – Reading Notes” →
Given the feedback from last quarter the teachers decided to discuss with the students how could we improve the the class, having more discussions and engagement with the content. Since each week we’ll have a different lecturer, it will be up to the lecturer to design this activity. So the class today was a short overview of what content they want to cover and how might we do that. Just occured to me that this is the hardest part about teaching well – is preparing a class activity that is engaging and participatory – instead of a mere lecture. Lectures … Continue reading “Brazilian Education – Week 1” →